Before you can start making candles, you need to first purchase your candle making supplies, specific to your needs.
Candlewicks are used to light the candle and keep it burning. Candlewicks can be purchased in bulk on a spool, allowing you to cut the wick to the desired length. You can choose from square raw wick, ply flat raw wick, cotton core raw wick, and everything in between. Buying wicks in bulk will save you money and is perfect for the serious candle maker. Pre-tabbed wicks come pre-cut in various lengths and are secured to a metal tab that sits at the bottom of the candle. These wicks are available in tea light and votive and are perfect for convenience. Other items that can help you set the wick include a bar holder or multiple wick holder bars.
To make your candle, choose from paraffin, beeswax, vegetable, and specialty waxes. Paraffin is commonly used, and depending on the type of candle being made, you will find various levels of quality as well as colored or non-colored wax. Votive and taper paraffin wax is generally used for votive, taper, floating, and molded candles and is made from a single type of paraffin, meaning the results could vary from batch to batch. With this type of wax, you may need to add some type of additive to improve the quality. Hurricane/Over Drip candle wax is superior and made from several types of paraffin wax. In between these two levels of quality, are several other levels to consider.
Beeswax comes in sheets, blocks, or pearls and can be colored or non-colored. Beeswax is easy to find and less expensive than other types of wax. Candles can be made from the sheets simply by rolling the wax around the wick or for molded candles, the block or pearls are melted.
Vegetable wax is easy to use for making candles. When using this type of wax, you will need a larger wick than used for other types of wax. Square braided or cotton core wicks work best. A silicon mold spray helps the vegetable wax candle release from the mold or simply place the mold in the refrigerator for about 10 minutes. The hardest candle wax to find and the most superior quality is Bayberry wax, also called “myrtle wax” or Bayberry tallow.” This wax has an earthy fragrance with a nice olive green color. Because it takes 15 pounds of Bayberries to create just one pound of wax, the price is steep.
Specialty wax includes sculpting wax, used for creating appliqués for candles and starburst wax that when a solid-colored candle is dipped into it, a beautiful starburst effect is achieved.
Depending on the type of wax used, you may need to add different types of additives to the wax. Stearic powder is used to harden wax with a low, melt point. Other hardeners include Poly 400, and Vybar 103, just to name a few. Microcrystaline is used primarily for hardening taper and pillar candles, raising the melt point, and reducing and eliminating mottling. Paraflint H-1 helps to clarify paraffin wax, thus providing a cleaner, quality glow. To help the candles release from the mold without cracking or breaking, some type of mold release such Kemamide powder should be used. For a unique mottled appearance to your candle, simply add Parol Oil.
Dyes and Pigments
When it comes to dyes, every color imaginable can be purchased or achieved by mixing colors. With pigment, the results are a softer color that is not quite translucent, but more of a pastel appearance.
When it comes to adding fragrance to your candle, the choices are incredible. There are floral scents such as gardenia, jasmine, and lavender. If you prefer candles for the kitchen, fragrances like fresh baked bread, cinnamon, marshmallow, and yellow cake are available. Perhaps you are looking for fragrances that remind you of the pleasant things in life. Options would include root beer, pipe tobacco, new car smell, fresh laundry, and sun tan lotion. The choices of candle fragrance are endless.
Candle Molds come in many different shapes and sizes. The most popular choices are round, hexagonal, taper, votive, square, and round. However, to be a bit more creative, you can experiment with ball, sphere, scallop, pyramid, or novelty shapes. To assist in making molded candles, various tools such as a base leveler and mold plugs, sealers, and clamps, are used. If you prefer using containers for your candles instead of molds, you will find various types of glass containers from which to choose.
Now that we discussed some of the candle making supplies you need all that’s left is to find these candle making supplies on the net.