Candle making recipes are very similar in that they all require basically the same materials and use the same techniques. However if you are just starting out you may not know all your options that you have when making candles. Obviously, beginner candle makers don’t need all the advanced ingredients that are used in many of the more elaborate candle making recipes. It is the purpose of this short article to give the basic ingredients in many candle recipes.
Beginner candle makers only need wax, wicks, candle holders and a means to melt the wax. Pretty simple. To make your most basic candle you simply melt the wax, put a wick in a holder and pour the wax in it. Let it cool and harden and you are all done.
Now what wax do you use? Most beginners start out with paraffin wax. It is cheap, popular, plentiful and easy to get. Other waxes offer other benefits. Some people like all natural products. Soy fits this category
Soy candles have been emerging as a viable alternative to the standard wax choices. Soy candles are made out of 100% natural soy wax without any additives. Candles made of soy wax will have a wonderful aroma without having to add any type of fragrance. Experienced soy candle makers can mix the soy wax in several ways that will give the natural scent a bit of a difference thus giving the scent a fainter or more powerful aroma.
Beeswax is another popular candle making wax. While it may be a little more expensive, it offers many wonder benefits. It has a natural sweet aroma, a beautiful natural color, and burns, brighter, longer and cleaner than many other candles.
Since beeswax is naturally fragrant and has a very pleasant color, no dyes or fragrances need to be added to it. However, if you were to buy beeswax sheets and roll your own candles, you could purchase these sheets in many different colors.
The last type of wax that you can use is gel wax. These are the candles that you see that have a seascape or other design in it. Gel waxes can be colored and made aromatic by adding fragrance oils.
To make candles you need wicks. Candle wicks come in many materials and can be purchased with tabs on the end so they are easier to use when making candles. When buying a wick you need something that will burn cleanly. Many people prefer cotton or hemp wicks. Others say that the wick material is dependent on the type of wax you will be using.
The last item needed to make candles is a candle holder. After you have the wax, wick and candle holder, you have all the essentials of the basic candle recipe. Molds can be purchased or you can use something around the house. Many people use glass containers that are saved or purchased solely for candle making. If you use these, you are doing it at your own risk.
Candleholder suppliers sell glass containers for candles. The reputable dealers will only sell glass candle holders that meet strict government requirements. These containers are made to be used with candles and hot wax and can withstand these temperatures. Regular everyday glasses, while seeming to be fine, may not be good for candles because they might have weak spots in them that when they get hot, might break, spilling the wax and creating a big safety problem. Therefore recommendations by most of the knowledgeable candle makers is to use high quality glass containers made especially for candles.
Now if you have some old metal tins or cans around the house, they would be acceptable for molds. You just need to spray a mold release on the inside before adding the wax.
For the more advanced candle makers, you can buy things to add to the wax that will change the color, add fragrance, increase the hardness, prevent fading and bubbles, to name a few. None of these are hard to use or find. They just take some experience in using them and seeing their effects.
“Professional” candle making is a progressive art. You start simply, learn the basics and go from there. Once the basics are learned you can experiment with the more advanced techniques and additives, all the while, your expertise is growing as you continue to add to your experience.